Until 1989, the Brazilian vaccination record, was considered the worst in South America. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello, pron. Updates? He became President of Brazil 3/15/1990 on … In 2002 he ran unsuccessfully for the governorship of Alagoas. Collor là … Foi o primeiro presidente eleito pelo voto popular após a redemocratização, nas eleições de 1989, batendo Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva. [9] The Plano Collor I, under Zélia would be renewed with the implementation of the Plano Collor II; the government's loss of prestige would make that follow-up plan short-lived and largely ineffective. In Brazil, a formal petition for impeachment of the President must be submitted by one or more private citizens, not by corporations or public institutions. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello é ex-presidente da República, ex-governador do Alagoas e senador. Collor ran again for Governor of Alagoas in 2010. Details of the charge were kept under wraps so as not to jeopardize the investigation.[28]. [6], Under Zélia's tenure as Brazil's Minister of Finances, the country had a period of major changes, featuring what ISTOÉ magazine called an "unprecedented revolution"[7] in many levels of public administration: "privatization, opening its market to free trade, encouraging industrial modernization, temporary control of the hyper-inflation and public debt reduction."[8]. IPA: [feʁ. As a result, a petition to the Chamber of Deputies by citizens Barbosa Lima Sobrinho and Marcelo Lavenère Machado, respectively the then President of the Brazilian Press Association and the then-president of the Brazilian Bar Association formally accused Collor of crimes of responsibility (the Brazilian equivalent of "high crimes and misdemeanors", such as abuse of power) warranting removal from office per the constitutional and legal norms for impeachment. Moreover, Collor de Mello was accused of corruption, and he resigned in 1992 as his trial was about to begin. He first won election in 2006 and was reelected in 2014. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (Rio de Janeiro, 12 de agosto de 1949) é um político, jornalista, economista e empresário brasileiro, tendo sido prefeito de Maceió de 1979 a 1982, governador de Alagoas de 1987 a 1989, deputado federal de 1982 a 1986, 32º presidente do Brasil, de 1990 a 1992, e senador por Alagoas de 2007 até a atualidade. Collor was the first President democratically elected after the end of the Brazilian military government. Biography. After the vote, the Senate issued a formal written opinion summarizing the conclusions and orders resulting from the judgement, as required by Brazilian law. Per the Constitution of Brazil, upon receipt of that writ of summons, Collor's presidential powers were suspended for 180 days, and vice president Itamar Franco became acting president. Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello GCTE • ColIC (Rio de Janeiro, 12 de agosto de 1949), mais conhecido como Fernando Collor, é um político brasileiro. "[22], In 2000, Collor joined the Brazilian Labour Renewal Party (PRTB) and ran for mayor of São Paulo. Collor's resignation letter was read by his attorney in the floor of the Senate, and the impeachment trial was adjourned so that the Congress could meet in joint session, first to take formal notice of the resignation and proclaim the office of president vacant, and then to swear in Franco. Collor's project Minha Gente (My People) won the UN award Project Model for the Humanity in 1993. Fernando Afonso Collor de Mello was born in the family of an Alagoas politician, Arnon Afonso de Farias Melo, who was governor of this state in 1951-1956. References 'fõ.sʊ 'kɔ.lɔʁ di 'mɛ.lʊ], (born August 12, 1949) was president of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he was impeached. [20] However, Collor was found not guilty. Sobre o governo de Fernando Collor de Mello, assinale a alternativa correta. In December 1989, days prior to the second round, businessman Abílio Diniz was the victim of a sensational political kidnapping. The Senate voted to continue the trial. Of the 81 members of the Senate, 79 took part in the final vote: 76 Senators voted to convict the former president, and 3 voted to acquit. In 1993, Collor challenged before the Brazilian Supreme Court the Senate's decision to continue the trial after his resignation but the Supreme Court ruled the Senate's action valid. Later, in the early hours of December 30, 1992, by the required two-thirds majority, the Senate found the former president guilty of the charges of impeachment. See Pedro Collor de Mello, Passando a Limpo: A Trajet6ria de um Farsante (Rio de Janeiro: Editora Record, 1993), pp. Collor was found guilty by the … On August 11, 1992, thousands of students organized by the National Student Union (União Nacional dos Estudantes – UNE), protested on the street against Collor. "It was a thirsty and gluttonous way of using power," said Renan Calheiros, a leader of the "bandits," the term he himself coined for the group that robbed the country along with Fer- nando Collor. Their faces, often painted in a mixture of the colors of the flag and protest-black, lead to them being called "Caras-pintadas" ("Painted Faces").[17]. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. These programs were promoted during Collor's administration. He became the youngest president in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40. On July 1, 1992, a Joint Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry, composed of Senators and members of the Chamber of Deputies, formed in Congress to investigate the accusation and review the evidence uncovered by police and federal prosecutors. Foi o 32º Presidente do Brasil, de 1990 até sua renúncia em 1992. 3. The Senate also sent an official communication to the office of the vice-president to formally acquaint him of the suspension of the President, and to give him notice that he was now the acting president. Collor's attorneys argued that with Collor's resignation, the impeachment trial could not proceed and should close without ruling on the merits. Was elected to the Brazilian military government many felt that radical measures were received unenthusiastically by the people, many... Removal from office, Collor worked for his family 's media group Sportivo Alagoano ( CSA ) in 1976 lay! 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