Paleoanthropology is a subfield of anthropology, the study of human culture, society, and biology. The field involves an understanding of the similarities and differences between humans and other species in their genes, body form, physiology, and behavior. In addition, cultural evolutionary theory is a natural component of studies in demography, human ecology, and many other disciplines. KEY POINTS. Talk of ‘evolutionary ethics’ may suggest a well-defined field of inquiry, but in practice it can refer to any or all of the following: Descriptive Evolutionary Ethics: appeals to evolutionary theory in the scientific explanation of the origins of certain human capacities, tendencies, or patterns of thought, feeling and behavior. A theory is an idea about how something in nature works that has gone through rigorous testing through observations and experiments designed to prove the idea right or wrong. Paleoanthropology is the scientific study of human evolution. In 1859, a British man called Charles Darwin. The evolutionary perspective (sociobiology) argues that humans are genetically programmed to ensure that there is a new generation of the species Which perspective views the human condition as a mixture of unconscious desires and Evolution is increasingly being used to explain the pageant of human life in addition to the rest of life on earth. Start studying Psychology - Chapter 1 Online Questions - The Evolution of Psychology. In its broad sense, the term “evolutionary psychology” stands for any attempt to adopt an evolutionary perspective on human behavior by supplementing psychology with the central tenets of evolutionary biology. In the last three decades, the evolutionary perspective has been reinvigorated with considerable theoretical advances and a continually growing array of empirical studies. Evolutionary Psychology’s Theory and Methods. 2. published a book called 'On the Origin of Species'. Influential evolutionary psychologists, Leda Cosmides and John Tooby, provide the following list of the field’s theoretical tenets (Tooby and Cosmides 2005): The brain is a computer designed by natural selection to … Evolutionary psychology states that genetic mutations are capable of altering not only physical traits, but also behavioral traits. All animals, including humans, act in ways that improve their reproductive success; this results in social processes that maximize genetic fitness. Evolutionary Psychology. Theory of evolution Evolution of human beings over millions of years from ape-like ancestors. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. There are many notable examples of psychological theories with evolutionary bases, such as Bowlby’s (1969) model of attachment, yet these are often isolated examples. 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