For he too is called 'father' and 'god' and 'demiurge' and 'king' and 'judge' and 'place' and 'dwelling' and 'law'" (Tripartite Tractate 100:21-30). Did Jesus Christ Have Two Mothers? According to some strains of Gnosticism, the demiurge is malevolent, as it is linked to the material world. The Gnostic Nature of Jesus or The None Docetic Gnostic Nature of Jesus The gnosics had different views on the nature of Jesus one of those ... Why Gnostic Christians Should Not Use the Rosary! It would seem then that the Orphic view of the demiurge was integrated into Jewish Gnosticism even before the redaction of the myth contained in the original Apocryphon of John. It is in the system of Valentinus that the name Dēmiurgos is used, which occurs nowhere in Irenaeus except in connection with the Valentinian system; we may reasonably conclude that it was Valentinus who adopted from Platonism the use of this word. In the arch-dualist ideology of the various Gnostic systems, the material universe is evil, while the non-material world is good. False and melodramatic Gnostic teaching about the cosmic spheres and their influence (ch. Question: Where does the gnostic belief that the Old Testament God is the Demiurge … [12] (8) The Scriptures of the Old Testament were ascribed to the Demiurge or inferior Creator of the world, who was the God of the Jews, but not the true God. The first and highest aspect of God is described by Plato as the One (Τὸ Ἕν, 'To Hen'), the source, or the Monad. In Valentinian Gnosticism, the Demiurge is himself redeemed and participates in the redemption of humanity as well. The absurdities of the Gnostic doctrine of the fall of "Wisdom" (Sophia) and of the generation and activities of the Demiurge, maker of the visible universe (chs. 757. ἄρχω archo ar’-kho; a primary verb; to be first (in political rank or power): —  reign (rule) over. Because he is seem as the image of the true God and Father, Valentinians have no problem using the terms "Father" and "God" to describe him (cf. [citation needed]. The Demiurge is a real god, not a "false god". The Christ Descended on Jesus at his Baptism, The Melchizedek Tractate Anti-Docetic Gnostic Text. Although a fashioner, the demiurge is not necessarily the same as the creator figure in the monotheistic sense, because the demiurge itself and the material from which the demiurge fashions the universe are both considered to be consequences of something else. [25], Yaldabaoth is frequently called "the Lion-faced", leontoeides, and is said to have the body of a serpent. [25][36] In this most common form of Gnosticism the Demiurge had an inferior though not intrinsically evil function in the universe as the head of the animal, or psychic world. And as Achamoth herself was only the daughter of Sophía the last of the thirty … . Thus Sophia's power becomes enclosed within the material forms of humanity, themselves entrapped within the material universe: the goal of Gnostic movements was typically the awakening of this spark, which permitted a return by the subject to the superior, non-material realities which were its primal source. [4], Plotinus and the later Platonists worked to clarify the Demiurge. The law of necessary procession and the eternity of the universe (ch.3). In Hebrews chapter 11:10 we get the only Biblical reference to the word, Heb 11:10  For he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and, Heb 11:10  for he was looking for the city having the foundations, whose artificer and, All these things the great Creator and Master of the universe ordered, o be in peace and concord, doing good unto all things, but far, beyond the rest unto us who have taken refuge in His compassionate. This is a pity because this name would suit the demiurge risen from chaos to a nicety. The dyad is energeia emanated by the one that is then the work, process or activity called nous, Demiurge, mind, consciousness that organizes the indeterminate vitality into the experience called the material world, universe, cosmos. The Spirit left Jesus On The Cross The Gospel of P... Jesus is Our Representative not a substitute. In the various branches of the Neoplatonic school (third century onwards), the demiurge is the fashioner of the real, perceptible world after the model of the Ideas, but (in most Neoplatonic systems) is still not itself "the One". The Valentinian Heracleon[39] interpreted the devil as the principle of evil, that of hyle (matter). The demiurge is also[26] described as having a fiery nature, applying the words of Moses to him: "the Lord our God is a burning and consuming fire". Gnostics blame the Demiurge or Ialdabaoth, and Zoroastrianism blames the Devil, Angra-mainyu/Ahriman. . the Son and the Word, and their union with one another, and simultaneously with the Father. Of note here is that while Plotinus' student Porphyry names Christianity specifically in Porphyry's own works, and Plotinus is to have been a known associate of the Christian Origen, none of Plotinus' works mention Christ or Christianity—whereas Plotinus specifically addresses his target in the Enneads as the Gnostics. His hieratic attitude indicates Egyptian origin. The true doctrine of Soul (ch. Many of the emanations that were derived from the Monad’s lineage did so with a partner. The "One" is further separated into spheres of intelligence; the first and superior sphere is objects of thought, while the latter sphere is the domain of thought. Quispel writes, There is a direct link between ancient Gnosticism and Catharism. Devil’s Bible facts: The 310 parchment leaves (620 pages) of the Devil’s Bible are made of vellum, from the processed skins of 160 animals, most probably donkeys. So in a way, he could be seen as Hebraic religious idea of a "Demiurge" who fashioned the world for God. 3  All things, through him, came into existence, and, without him, came into existence, not even one thing: that which hath come into existence, (Rotherham's Emphasized Bible), The Gospel of John 1:1  ¶  In a beginning (. ) This vilification of the creator was held to be inimical to Christianity by the early fathers of the church. The Archangel Michael could be seen as the "Demiurge" who fashioned the world for the Deity. He is an archon with the face of a lion, half flame, and half darkness. The Cathars held that the creator of the world, Satanael, had usurped the name of God, but that he had subsequently been unmasked and told that he was not really God.[41]. Of the archons Kakia, Zelos, Phthonos, Errinnys, Epithymia, … Some pages of the Devil’s Bible are thought to have been removed, and no one knows what happened to them. 'wisdom'), the Demiurge's mother and partial aspect of the divine Pleroma or "Fullness," desired to create something apart from the divine totality, without the receipt of divine assent. The Demiurge was the ‘craftsman’ who gave shape to the material universe by moulding the matter (which Plato believed to be eternal, which the Bible rejects) after the pattern of the forms. The Latin translation, confirmed by Hippolytus of Rome,[21] makes Irenaeus state that according to Cerinthus (who shows Ebionite influence), creation was made by a power quite separate from the Supreme God and ignorant of him. In the Gnostic Gospels of Nag Hammadi, written in the 1 st Century, the writers warn us about the god of the Bible. In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge (/ˈdɛmi.ɜːrdʒ/) is an artisan-like figure responsible for fashioning and maintaining the physical universe. Authadia (Authades), or Audacity, is the obvious description of Yaldabaoth, the presumptuous Demiurge, who is lion-faced as the Archon Authadia. The word demiurge is an English word derived from demiurgus, a Latinised form of the Greek δημιουργός or dēmiurgós. Thus, a triad is formed of the intelligible nous, the intellective nous, and the psyche in order to reconcile further the various Hellenistic philosophical schools of Aristotle's actus and potentia (actuality and potentiality) of the unmoved mover and Plato's Demiurge. It is on this account that Moses says, at the creation of man alone that God said, "Let us make man," which expression shows an assumption of other beings to himself as assistants, in order that God, the governor of all things, might have all the blameless intentions and actions of man, when he does right attributed to him; and that his other assistants might bear the imputation of his contrary actions. Emil Cioran also wrote his Le mauvais démiurge ("The Evil Demiurge"), published in 1969, influenced by Gnosticism and Schopenhauerian interpretation of Platonic ontology, as well as that of Plotinus. Posted on June 28, 2016 by John Oakes wrote in Apocrypha, Archaeology and the Bible, Church History, General, Other Religions, Q & A. This website was formed for all who wish to know themselves in the light of the teachings of which Christ taught his disciples in private. The Valentinian theory elaborates that from Achamoth (he kátō sophía or lower wisdom) three kinds of substance take their origin, the spiritual (pneumatikoí), the animal (psychikoí) and the material (hylikoí). The same is true of the monstrous figure with the head of a lion, which symbolises Time, Chronos, in Mithraism; Alexandrian origin of this type is probable.[28]. An artisan-like figure responsible for fashioning and maintaining the physical universe, This article is about philosophical concept of a Universal Fashioner. He is first mentioned in "The Cosmos, Chaos, and the Underworld" as one of the twelve angels to come "into being [to] rule over chaos and the [underworld]". This Ugarit description of Enlil is a very close match to the Demiurge being my interviewee talked to: "But he … Did the Valentinians believe in Reincarnation? These six, in turn, create another twelve angels "with each one receiving a portion in the heavens". The Demiurge belongs to the second kind, as he was the offspring of a union of Achamoth with matter. In the Ophite and Sethian systems, which have many affinities with the teachings of Valentinus, the making of the world is ascribed to a company of seven archons, whose names are given, but still more prominent is their chief, "Yaldabaoth" (also known as "Yaltabaoth" or "Ialdabaoth"). Gnosticism attributed falsehood or evil to the concept of the Demiurge or creator, though in some Gnostic traditions the creator is from a fallen, ignorant, or lesser—rather than evil—perspective, such as that of Valentinius. Plotinus, along with his teacher Ammonius Saccas, was the founder of Neoplatonism. The demiurge is a metaphor for the unconscious world soul, and in the case of humanity, a spark of the divine spirit, (potential of Godhood through knowledge of good and evil) has been placed, and the lower self comprehends it not. In refuting the beliefs of the gnostics, Irenaeus stated that "Plato is proved to be more religious than these men, for he allowed that the same God was both just and good, having power over all things, and himself executing judgment."[40]. Philo had inferred from the expression "Let us make man" of the Book of Genesis that God had used other beings as assistants in the creation of man, and he explains in this way why man is capable of vice as well as virtue, ascribing the origin of the latter to God, of the former to his helpers in the work of creation.[14]. 220–22: "Short statement of the doctrine of the three hypostasis, the One, Intellect and Soul; there cannot be more or fewer than these three. The Gnostics adopted the term demiurge. He comes from heaven, and it is said his "face flashed with fire and [his] appearance was defiled with blood". It appears that Plotinus attempted to clarify how the philosophers of the academy had not arrived at the same conclusions (such as dystheism or misotheism for the creator God as an answer to the problem of evil) as the targets of his criticism. Thus, in such systems, the Demiurge acts as a solution to (or, at least possibly, the problem or cause that gives rise to)[citation needed] the problem of evil. This link to Judeo-Christian tradition leads to a further comparison with Satan. You see some can argue that he means beginning as in God forever and eternal past. A. H. Armstrong identified the so-called "Gnostics" that Plotinus was attacking as Jewish and Pagan, in his introduction to the tract in his translation of the Enneads. To this Messiah, however, was actually united with Jesus the Saviour, Who redeemed men. One Gnostic mythos describes the declination of aspects of the divine into human form. AV-beginning 40, principality 8, corner 2, first 2, misc 6; 58. The senseless jargon of the Gnostics, their plagiarism from and perversion of Plato, and their insolent arrogance (ch. The Demiurge a term used once in the Bible, It should also be noted that Basildians and, Basilides: "After this, from the universal Seed and conglomeration of seed-mixture there burst for, th and came into existence the Great Ruler, the head of the sensible universe, a beauty and magnitude and potency that naught can destroy.". Refutation of objections from the inequalities and injustices of human life (ch. Gospel of Thoma... Christian Gnostic Understanding of the Soul, Gnosis is to Know Thyself Gospel of Thomas Saying 3, Their Taking in Knowledge of You John 17:3. For the beginning was in the Father and from the Father; and the Word was in the beginning and from the beginning. Plotinus, "Against the Gnostics". Nebro creates six angels in addition to the angel Saklas to be his assistants. [15] So Irenaeus tells[16] of the system of Simon Magus,[17] of the system of Menander,[18] of the system of Saturninus, in which the number of these angels is reckoned as seven, and[19] of the system of Carpocrates. The volcanic personality of the Demiurge in the Old Testament is no secret, and we cover much of it. The Neoplatonic philosopher Plotinus addressed within his works Gnosticism's conception of the Demiurge, which he saw as un-Hellenic and blasphemous to the Demiurge or creator of Plato. Later, the Neoplatonist Iamblichus changed the role of the "One", effectively altering the role of the Demiurge as second cause or dyad, which was one of the reasons that Iamblichus and his teacher Porphyry came into conflict. Plotinus sought to reconcile Aristotle's energeia with Plato's Demiurge,[5] which, as Demiurge and mind (nous), is a critical component in the ontological construct of human consciousness used to explain and clarify substance theory within Platonic realism (also called idealism). Quispel, Gilles and Van Oort, Johannes (2008), p. 143. The demiurge is also described as a creator in the Platonic (c. 310–90 BC) and Middle Platonic (c. 90 BC – AD 300) philosophical traditions. Whatever he produces from the beginning and as the Brethren of that beginning Christ is the eternal forever in the past or at the beginning at the time of which he conceived the concept of the son as being part of the story of humankind. In the theoretic of Plotinus, nous produces nature through intellectual mediation, thus the intellectualizing gods are followed by a triad of psychic gods. He is blind to all that is spiritual, but he is king over the other two provinces. "Matter is therefore a non-existent"; Plotinus, "Apocryphon of John," translation by Frederik Wisse in. The word dēmiurgos properly describes his relation to the material; he is the father of that which is animal like himself.[13]. also Against Heresies 1:5:1, Valentinian Exposition 38). [1][2][3], In Numenius's Neo-Pythagorean and Middle Platonist cosmogony, the Demiurge is second God as the nous or thought of intelligibles and sensibles. This shows the order of. The lowest emanation was an evil god (the Demiurge) who created the material world as a prison for the divine sparks that dwell in human bodies. The story begins with the boast of the demiurge, the supreme archon, in words attributed to the God of the Bible: “I am who I am, God is nothing separated from me.” The Reality of the Rulers is presented … [42] In the ninth tractate of the second of his Enneads, Plotinus criticizes his opponents for their appropriation of ideas from Plato: From Plato come their punishments, their rivers of the underworld and the changing from body to body; as for the plurality they assert in the Intellectual Realm—the Authentic Existent, the Intellectual-Principle, the Second Creator and the Soul—all this is taken over from the Timaeus. It was originally a common noun meaning "craftsman" or "artisan", but gradually came to mean "producer", and eventually "creator". Plato, as the speaker Timaeus, refers to the Demiurge frequently in the Socratic dialogue Timaeus (28a ff. The second principle is organization in its reflection of the nonsentient force or dynamis, also called the one or the Monad. 14). Hence the title of Plotinus' refutation: "Against Those That Affirm the Creator of the Kosmos and the Kosmos Itself to be Evil" (generally quoted as "Against the Gnostics"). The main character refers to the Demiurge as the entity who "fashioned and shaped" the material world. This seems to imply that there is but one whom God has designated chief, or head, of the angelic host. 1217 δημιουργός demiourgos day-me-oor-gos’, from 1218 and 2041; n m; TDNT-2:62,149;  {See TDNT 182 }, 2) the author of any work, an artisan, framer, builder. Many … The former was díkaios, severely just, the latter agathós, or loving-kind; the former was the "god of this world" (2 Corinthians 4:4), the God of the Old Testament, the latter the true God of the New Testament. Christos Evangeliou has contended[45] that Plotinus' opponents might be better described as simply "Christian Gnostics", arguing that several of Plotinus' criticisms are as applicable to orthodox Christian doctrine as well. But Yaldabaoth, the Demiurge, with the material world, will be cast into the lower depths. 4–5). Christ, in reality, is the Son of the Good God. The true doctrine about Universal Soul and the goodness of the universe which it forms and rules (chs. Ptolemy's Commentary on The Gospel of John Prologue: of the latter two, i.e. BEGINNING: "Archee"; signifying "first in order", from root "arch, archon" = a ruler. Theodoret,[22] who here copies Irenaeus, turns this into the plural number "powers", and so Epiphanius of Salamis[23] represents Cerinthus as agreeing with Carpocrates in the doctrine that the world was made by angels. Hippolytus claims that Simon used a similar description.[27]. The word "demiurge" is an English word derived from demiurgus, a Latinised form of the Greek δημιουργός or dēmiourgos. To Plotinus, the second emanation represents an uncreated second cause (see Pythagoras' Dyad). Plotinus' form of Platonic idealism is to treat the Demiurge, nous as the contemplative faculty (ergon) within man which orders the force (dynamis) into conscious reality. Timaeus describes the Demiurge as unreservedly benevolent, and so it desires a world as good as possible. Gnosticism presents a distinction between the highest, unknowable God or Supreme Beingand the demiurgic "creator" of the material. Heracleon: Fragments from his Commentary on the Gospel of John: John 1:3, “All things were made through him, and without him nothing was made.”) The sentence: "All things were made through him" means the world and what is in it. 9). Also, considering the evidence from the time, Evangeliou thought the definition of the term "Gnostics" was unclear. Plato … [25], In creating this world out of Chaos the Demiurge was unconsciously influenced for good; and the universe, to the surprise even of its Maker, became almost perfect. the Fullness), and the things in it, were not made by the Word; they came into existence before the Word. Evangeliou, "Plotinus's Anti-Gnostic Polemic and Porphyry's Against the Christians", in Wallis & Bregman, From "Introduction to Against the Gnostics", Plotinus', Armstrong, pp. Armstrong alluding to Gnosticism being a Hellenic philosophical heresy of sorts, which later engaged Christianity and Neoplatonism.[46][47]. . A similar description occurs in the Tripartite Tractate: "He is the lord of all of them, that is, the countenance which the logos brought forth in his thought as a representation of the Father of the Totalities. One, ” or Source believer in Christ entered into God 's purpose, wisdom or revelation been. 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